Fish species

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Its original homeland is Asia and the eastern half of Europe (Eastern Europe and the Danube Basin), but it has been introduced elsewhere for breeding purposes, so it is now found in the fresh waters of practically every continent. It is omnivorous. It consumes the young shoots of aquatic plants, orphan mosquito larvae, acarias, and crustaceans, but it can also be get used to feed a variety of plant foods and feeds on farms. It mainly prefers well-warming, muddy, stagnant and slow-flowing waters. Its flesh is reddish. Its gastronomy is

Gray catfish (European catfish)

It is one of the largest fish in the freshwaters of Europe, the “giant” of the Hungarian fish fauna, as some specimens can exceed two meters and a hundred kilograms. It is found almost everywhere in the central and eastern parts of Europe, and is common in both river and stagnant waters in Hungary. It is a predatory fish, but it can also be used to feed in a closed system. They are also farmed on pond farms, but a significant proportion of European catfish caught and sold come from

African catfish

African catfish are also found in all waters of Africa and the Middle East. In Hungary, they are only planted in fishing lakes in summer, because they perish during the cold winter, so they are farmed in hot water in closed systems in Hungary. African catfish grow relatively fast and consume almost all protein-rich foods. Tough and tolerates poor quality water well. In a pool, many specimens live side by side. Its flesh is reddish, tasty, low in fat and herringbone free, making it an increasingly popular main course on


The zander is native to Europe, it can be found from the British Isles to central Russia. It also occurs in larger rivers and lakes in Hungary. It feels good on river sections that are not too fast, in stagnant waters with good oxygen supply and without pollution. It’s a predatory fish. Its flesh is white, with a shelly texture and a clean taste. A famous fish dish of Hungarian cuisine and thanks to the Balaton zander, its popularity is unbroken.


Only the brown trout is native to Hungary, but from 1885 the rainbow trout were also introduced to the country. Today, the lakes and streams of the Northern Central Mountains, the Bakony and the foothills of the Alps are the main habitats for brown trout and rainbow trout, but they are also farmed in closed systems. Many specimens also live side by side, but are extremely sensitive to the right amount of oxygen. Its meat is oily, rich in vitamins A and D and Omega-3 fatty acids.


It is found in almost all stagnant and river waters in Europe, with the exception of faster-flowing streams and mountain rivers, and also occurs in Asia, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea. It occurs en masse in Lake Balaton in Hungary. In the deeper parts of the bed, it is foraging for mosquito larvae, mussels, snails and tube-worms. Its flesh is white and has a clean taste. Its gastronomy is simple, it’s a popular fish dish.

Crucian carp

Its homeland is East Asia and Siberia, but it is now widespread in Europe’s wild waters. The silver carp is not a native species in Europe. The reason for its rapid geographical spread is spontaneous gynogenesis as a special form of asexual reproduction. It survives even in extremely harsh conditions. Its oxygen demand is minimal. Its flesh is white and has a characteristic sweet taste.

Northern pike

It is found on every continent in the cold and temperate climate zone of the northern hemisphere. It is also a common predator fish native to the waters of Hungary. It feeds mainly on carp, but in line with its growth, it eats small fish and then smaller fish than him. In addition, it catches young aquatic birds as well as crabs, frogs, and at an older age even snakes and smaller mammals that venture into the water. Its flesh is white and has a characteristic taste.

Grass carp (Amur)

It is native to northern China and Siberia. It got its name (Amur) from the Amur River, the border river between Russia and China, in the middle and lower reaches of which it spread. It is typically a river fish, it is also preferred in the deep, fast-flowing parts of the riverbed. It can consume up to 140% of its body weight per day from aquatic plants. The flesh is of good quality, snow-white, moderately herringboned and dry. Its gastronomy is about the same as that of carp.

Bighead carp

Their original habitat is China, not native to the Carpathian Basin. Due to regular installations since the 1960s, two species, the spotted bighead carp and the white bighead carp, are common in Hungarian rivers and sometimes in lakes. Bacteria and plankton are filtered out of the water with their special sponge filter device. Their flesh is white, herringboned and of medium quality. Biomedical experiments show that regular consumption of busha meat lowers blood cholesterol levels, so their meat is classified as a pre-atherosclerotic food.

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